Eek was originally established along the Apokok River but continuous flooding and erosion forced the community to abandon the village in the 1930’s and move to its new location. Eek now lies along the bank of the Eek River, 12 miles from the Kuskokwim River and 35 miles south of Bethel. A post office was built in 1949 and the city was incorporated in 1970.
This second class city is home to 339 people, according to the most recent census taken in 2012. Subsistence is very important to the people of Eek. For the Yup’ik Eskimos living in the community, salmon is often the primary source of food; all five species of salmon are found in the Eek River. Additional subsistence opportunities are available for wild game and vegetation. The community sees plenty of rain, annual precipitation is around 20 inches. Summer temperatures are mild, ranging between 40 °F to 60 °F. During the winter temperatures drop to between 6 °F to 25 °F and an average of 43 inches of snowfalls touches down in the community.
With its many months of winter, residents’ main forms of transportation are snowmachine, and ATV, plane, boat and skiff, when weather allows. During the winter, trails from Eek run to Quinhaghak to the south, Tuntutuliak to the west and the Bethel area to the north. Eek hosts a year-round airport that is maintained by the Alaska Department of Transportation. During the summer months, barges bring in supplies.
Limited access and infrastructure create a need for energy solutions in Eek and many of the surrounding villages, but there is a movement in the Region to find renewable forms of energy. In 2012, the state of Alaska, with the support of Calista Corporation completed work on a wind system in Kongiganak, a village to the southwest of Eek. While there are no projects planned for Eek yet, Calista continues to advocate for developing all over the Region in an effort to help Shareholders and Descendants.